If you open any property database in Cyprus (for example, the DOM Real Estate website), you will see that almost all interior options will be in high-tech style. Or maybe it's closer to constructivism? Or minimalism?
At first glance, all three styles are very similar, and they are often confused. Now we will learn how to distinguish one from another, and also reveal little secrets why these styles are so popular in Cyprus.
1. Common features of minimalism, constructivism and hi-tech
In general, constructivism was 'invented' before the other two styles and became their 'progenitor'. Constructivism was originally conceived as a simple and functional way to design an interior with an emphasis on the minimum number of things.
Minimalism is the first "child" of constructivism. Its feature was, as we can guess by its name, the very minimum of things. But at the same time, it is quite interesting and cozy, as it allows you to play with shape, material and shades. The motto of this style is 'a minimum of things with a maximum of their beauty and functionality'.
Hi-tech appeared later, this is the second "child" of constructivism. It focused on the latest technology (as tech goes for technology). This allowed it to introduce new materials into interior design and therefore create a completely new atmosphere.
So, the common features of all three styles are:
- Large space and its freedom. The main focus is on the minimum of things in a house or apartment. This is also facilitated by an open layout with zoning, "second light" and panoramic windows.
- The predominance of white and its underlining with cold shades. The color scheme is as restrained as possible, the main tone is white. It is “framed” with gray and cold beige shades, accents are placed in black, in rare cases one contrasting color is added (red, bright green, juicy brown, etc.).
- The minimum amount of furniture and decor. This does not mean that you need to leave the walls, floors and windows "naked" and completely abandon textiles, but moderation should be clearly visible.
- Functionality and practicality. The use of each element of the interior (even decorations) must be justified and work for some purpose.
- Focus on geometry. Lines, angles, roundings - all this forms the style and is its integral part. Straight lines, regular shapes (square, circle, rectangle, ellipse, etc.) are valued.
- Lighting - sufficient, but not excessive. As a rule, they try to get light from large windows, that is, natural light is valued. Lamps are usually selected with moderately cold light.
- High quality finishing materials. All finishes must be top notch. For example, on a pure white wall, even the slightest unevenness will be evident, so you can’t save on repairs and materials.
These are the most common and conspicuous features. Moderation, cold shades and space are the three pillars on which these styles are based. Now let's figure out how they differ from each other, and how to bring them to life.
2. Constructivism: the paradox of restraint and freedom
Constructivism as a style originated in the USSR. Initially, it was not designed only for the interior - it was actively used both in architecture and in the fine arts.
Today, all these principles have been preserved in constructivism. Its main features are:
- Large open spaces. The layout should be large and free. If this is a common room, then preference is given to zoning the space. This is optimal for the Cypriot layout - there are no hallways and often the living room is combined with the kitchen area.
- Large panoramic windows. According to constructivism, the main source of lighting in rooms is street light. There are no problems with this in Cyprus either, almost all new buildings are dominated by panoramic windows.
- Functional furniture, preferably with straight lines. But the corners are not required, you can choose rounding. The main thing is that everything looks geometric. Ideal built-in furniture and appliances, as well as transforming furniture.
- The most discreet wall decoration. The most optimal solution is white plastering / painting of walls and ceilings. It is permissible to finish one wall or part of one wall with stone, brick, or make it look like concrete, but in general you should not get carried away with the texture. It is necessary that everything looks like a continuous, single space.
- Floor finishing - tiles, laminate or parquet, restrained in style. It is allowed to put a carpet, but it should not stand out visually (again, there should not be texture or bright colors).
- Textiles are welcome, but only moderate. Carpets and curtains may be present, but not required. However, they should not draw attention to themselves. But upholstered furniture and pillows can carry not only useful, but also aesthetic load. They allow bright colors and ornaments. But their total number should not exceed 3-5% of the total space.
- Decor can be, but in very small quantities. As a rule, these are paintings - with the image of perspective, in order to visually enlarge the space even more.
- The color palette is white-gray or white-beige. A small use of black, brown, dark blue is allowed. Sometimes a very bright spot is added (one): red, orange, green, yellow. It can be a chair, a table or a couple of pillows on the couch.
It is interesting that many note the excessive coldness of constructivism and the lack of comfort. But this is not entirely true: it is quite possible to create comfort with a competent arrangement of textile accents and lighting.
3. Minimalism: warmth and comfort
Minimalism can be considered the most "soft" of the family of styles we are considering. It has an emphasis on more variety, and generally has a warmer color scheme. Therefore, it is often chosen not only for decorating the living room, but also for bedrooms.
Some principles of minimalism borrowed from constructivism - these are large open spaces, panoramic windows and restrained colors. But it also has its own "chips" - these are:
- Attraction to natural materials. This is especially evident in a separate direction of eco-minimalism. Preference is given to the texture of wood and stone.
- Color palette with a bias in beige and brown. This is explained by the first point - the attraction to natural materials, and consequently, to natural shades. Therefore, in minimalism, you can use warm shades, but moderately.
- Focus on texture. This style allows the use of volumetric plastering techniques, coarse knitting for textiles, and more bizarre shapes for furniture.
- Decor is possible in moderation - unlike constructivism and hi-tech, minimalism allows for the presence of a houseplant or dead wood in a vase.
- Wall decoration is not limited to painting and plastering, you can paste wallpaper. Of course, they must be uniform.
- On the floor finish, as in constructivism, there should not be a strong emphasis. If there are carpets, they should "merge" with the surrounding objects.
- Furniture - with straight lines, plain and even under the monolith. But at the same time, it should not be massive. Its main characteristic is lightness and functionality.
There are several directions and branches of style. It depends on them what kind of atmosphere will be in the room as a result. For example, eco-minimalism involves completely natural things. There is practically no glass and metal in it, and all sources of artificial light are securely hidden. Soft minimalism allows freedom in playing with textures and soft, pastel colors.
Japanese minimalism immediately reminds us of the asceticism of a traditional home in Japan. And Scandinavian is a pronounced northern temperament and cool shades.
4. Hi-tech: the future has already arrived
Many designers call hi-tech not a separate style, but a continuation or subtype of minimalism. Even if we accept this point of view, then I would like to consider high-tech separately - it is too unusual and original.
So, the main features of high-tech style in the interior:
- An abundance of glass, plastic and metal. This style is famous for its futurism and the desire for cold materials and textures. The brilliance and gloss of some elements is also emphasized.
- Gravitation to straight lines and geometry. Either sharp corners or clear contour fillets are welcome.
- Cold shades. Hi-tech practically does not allow the addition of warm elements. But bright colors - please. They can be green, scarlet, blue or purple. A commitment to neonism is widespread. Also, the interior can be in dark colors - it is black with a tint of other colors.
- Lighting is as natural as possible. Windows usually do not have curtains. Fixtures either fit into the style or hide. An interesting move is the hidden lighting of furniture and the use of fluorescent elements.
- Minimum textile. If it is, then its texture is reduced to almost zero.
- Decor and ornaments are almost absent. If they are, they do not attract attention and fit into the interior as organically as possible.
- The best decoration in hi-tech is a technical novelty. A huge plasma on the wall or a massage chair in the living room is the perfect detail in this style.
- Furniture - transformer, sliding, folding and sometimes even in a futuristic style.
High-tech style frees up and refreshes the space very well. It is perfect for both small studios and spacious apartments.
5. Why these three styles are suitable for modern living in Cyprus
So, now we can speculate about why constructivism and its “children” fit well into the interiors of Cypriot apartments. Everything is quite simple here:
- These are bold and modern styles and are somewhat new to the island. Previously, traditional ways of furnishing the interior prevailed here, and now many newcomers are looking with interest at fresh ideas.
- Ease of planning for implementation. Apartments in Cyprus, especially in new buildings, are famous for their spaciousness. They are distinguished by high ceilings, large spaces and panoramic windows (which often lead to a free terrace). All this allows you to bring the ideas of these styles to life without much difficulty, since half of the conditions have already been met.
- Freshness and coolness. Cyprus is a hot island, and the feeling of coolness is greatly appreciated during the warm season. Large rooms, where there is a lot of air and cold tones, allow you to create an overall concept of freshness.
- Studio apartments are increasingly appearing in Cyprus. They need an environment so that the space remains free as much as possible. And constructivism, minimalism, hi-tech - what you need.
- Space extension. The mentioned styles are perfect for apartments located high up and overlooking the sea. They will allow you to "extend" the space and create the feeling that you live directly in the clouds above the sea.
So, it becomes obvious why many designers stop at these styles. They are really suitable for an apartment in Cyprus, on par with the traditional Mediterranean style. In some ways, they even overtake him. If you like minimalism and functionality, then it remains only to choose a direction and bring it to life.
6. Which style to choose
It should be noted right away that the choice depends not only on your preferences, but also on which room you plan to renovate.
It is absolutely certain that all three styles are suitable for decorating living rooms if they are combined with a kitchen. Ideally, if this room also has access to the terrace. You can beat the most daring ideas and bring zest to the look of the whole house.
These styles are also good for an office, especially when it comes to constructivism and hi-tech. Both styles are set to work and do not distract. In addition, calm tones help you think more logically and productively (according to a study by some psychologists).
For bedrooms, it is better to choose the “warmest” areas of minimalism – soft or eco. They gravitate towards natural tones, which brings calmness and relaxation. They also suggest a relatively rich presence of textiles, and this creates comfort.
Is hi-tech suitable for the bedroom? This is a difficult question: many people think that this is an uncomfortable style, and you should not use it in bedrooms. Others like freedom and a minimum of things - they calm and do not distract, allowing you to have a good rest.
Remember that bathrooms can be made in the listed styles. It will look modern and very stylish.
Are you interested in renovation, but have not yet bought an apartment on the island? At your service is the No. 1 agency in Cyprus DOM. The site presents the largest database of real estate in the country - more than 30 thousand residential and commercial properties throughout the island. Choose and contact professional brokers who will help you make the right choice!
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